It is well known that Neo-Latin or Romance cultures form a transnational community built on a linguistic basis. A significant question, though, is to what an extent this community remains a mere taxonomic designator or rather it configures a real identity, based on a number of factors such as: cultural, artistic, institutional or even the social, geopolitical and technological ones. If the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century witnesses the resurrection of numerous Pan-Latin identity projects, in the second half of the last century Latinity seemed to articulate itself rather in the form of identity (sub)communities like Francophonie or Hispanismo.