This page has been made for you in the name of the good spirits
of this town, in the name of the geniuses who have bestowed
their talent upon this town for eight centuries. But the town
has also been subjected to hardships, which have molded its
appearance, as you can see it nowadays in its every corner
while taking a walk.
Of course, you are not here to find the routine from home,
but to enrich your mind with living memories - all these value
much more than bought souvenirs - and Sibiu (Hermannstadt),
with its 800 years of history, will give you the opportunity
to take back home many beautiful memories.
So, the Small Circle or "Circulus parvus" (today's Small Square)
and some of the surrounding streets must have been there since
1100, because starting with 1224 Sibiu was the capital of
Southern Transylvania, having its own mint. Nearby is the
Great Circle or "Circulus maior" (today's Large Square), first
known as the grain market, dating as far back as 1400.
|From the chronicles, we find out that, after
having been invaded by the Tartars, Sibiu (Hermannstadt) was
reinforced with surrounding defence constructions, which protected
the town from the Turks' attacks starting with 1432, thus
making Pope Eugene IV describe it as "the stronghold defending
the whole Christian world."
A lot may be said about the town's guilds (19 in number in
1376 and 34 in 1724), about the Evangelical Church, the Town's
Gates, the Council Tower, the Brukenthal Palace and the museum
bearing its name, which dates as far back as 1817 (built 2
years before the Louvre), Thalia Hall, rebuilt following successive
fire outbreaks, the Old Town Hall and the History Museum,
the Natural Sciences Museum, the original "ASTRA" National
Museum Complex, consisting of a Traditional Folk Civilization
Museum and "Emil Sigerius" Transylvanian Saxon Ethnography
Museum, the Orthodox Cathedral, the Shelter Church, the Ursulines'
Church, the Franciscan Church, the Church amid Fir-Trees,
the Brukenthal Secondary School, the Association Museum and
ASTRA Library, the Passage of the Stairs, the Goldsmiths'
|In Sibiu, Haydn was played one year after the
opening night in Vienna, Brahms and Liszt gave concerts, and
the great humanists of the time, people such as Andrei Saguna,
Lucian Blaga, Gheorge Cosbuc, Octavian Goga, Constantin Noica,
and Emil Cioran lived. Starting with 1704, four orders were
given against smoking, the first vaccines against smallpox
were administered 200 years ago, and the Brukenthal Secondary
School was attested 600 years ago and the Faculty of Theology
more than 200 years ago. The hospitals and chemist's shops
are centuries old and the technical field may boast its representatives
and their unique work: Conrad Haas and his famous manuscript
on spacecraft (between 1529 and 1559), Hermann Oberth, who
put the scientific bases of space navigation techniques and
designed and built a functional model of the liquid fuel rocket,
the engineers who built the first Car Plant in Ardeal (more
than 100 years ago), the tramway, which is among the earliest
in Europe, the first "firobus" (an electrically powered trolley)
in Romania (built a year later than the one in New York),
the hydropower station at Sadu, electrifications, railways,
|Each step means history and present, and everywhere
you will be accompanied by the "eyes of the city," located
on the old roofs. For hundreds of years they have been the
mirror of the soul of this friendly place, where people of
various nationalities live in harmony, regardless of cultural
or religious background.
|We are looking forward to seeing you at the
conference in Juny, in the Sibiu (Hermannstadt).
MSE 2009 Organisation Committee
For more information about our
university and city, please visit also the following websites: